Blockchain en Blandlord bij BNR Digitaal

Deze week in BNR digitaal werd gesproken over Bitcoin en Blockchain technologie.

In dit gesprek werd ook ons product Blandlord (op 06:10) genoemd als innovatieve toepassing van blockchain technologie.

Kijk hier de discussie terug met Michiel Frackers, Mark Beekhuis, Herbert Blankesteijn en Ralph Moonen

 

Three generations of Blockchain

blockchain layers

Blockchain is the most revolutionary innovation of the last decade

Robert-Reinder Nederhoed, CEO Biccur

In this article I discuss the generations model for blockchain, which can provide insight into its possibilities and can be used to successfully implement blockchain in practice.

With blockchain you can reliably make transactions without the need for a third party. Since the blockchain works on top of the internet, transactions are independent of country borders and national currencies. That’s why blockchain is seen as the greatest invention since the Internet.

Since its invention (Satoshi Nakamoto, 2009) the blockchain was developed further and has been applied to varying degrees in products. One can divide the application of blockchain in three generations: money, assets and contracts. With each generation both its capabilities and its complexity increase.

Cryptocurrencies, the first generation blockchain

The first application of blockchain is money. For the first time it is possible for two parties to transfer money directly to each other: secure, worldwide and without third-party intervention. The blockchain transfers ownership and records the transaction. This type of money is called cryptocurrency, the first generation of blockchain.

A cryptocurrencies, such as Bitcoin, exists outside the current financial system. It derives its value from guaranteed scarcity and new use cases enabled by its programmable nature.

Property, the second generation blockchain

The use of cryptocurrencies brought the idea to apply the blockchain ledger to broader use cases, by offering the administration of assets in general. In this generation anyone can issue shares on the blockchain. These shares may receive dividends and voting rights can be granted to owners of the shares. All on the blockchain.

This blockchain generation facilitates crowd ownership: shared property on a small scale with control for the owners via voting and distribution of profits via dividends. This fits perfectly in the current trends of crowdfunding and the sharing economy.

we could not foresee the changes the Internet would bring to our world

Small businesses and organizations can issue shares to raise funds. Other examples of applications are jointly owned solar panels, cars and real estate. Democratic voting could be set up using this generation, where both the voting process and the election result will be registered transparently and irreversibly in the blockchain.e block

Contracts, the third generation blockchain

In addition to money and assets, agreements can also be registered on the blockchain. Such a digital contract enforces the participants to keep their promise. As an example, think of an insurance contract that requires regular payments. The contract can end the agreement unilaterally when the participant misses payments.

A more futuristic example could be a self-driving vehicle that can park autonomously. The car reserves a parking spot near your destination, drive to it and pay the parking fee. The parking spot uses a contract to handle the availability and parking costs. The car and parking location can do business without the intervention of human activity.

The capabilities of blockchain contracts are unprecedented. The impact of blockchain on the way we do business is yet to be determined. Similar to how in the early nineties we could not foresee the changes the Internet would bring to our world.

 

“Groei blockchain in vastgoed” – De Financiële Telegraaf

biccur financiele telegraaf

This article – “Blockchain grows in real estate” – featuring Biccur was published in Dutch national news paper Telegraaf on September 1st 2016. Read the scan of the article or visit the DFT website (premium content).

biccur financiele telegraaf

Biccur in De Financiële Telegraaf

Blockchain Technology course at Fox-IT, Delft

Fox-IT will host a full day
introduction course on Blockchain Technology.

The course will include the following subjects:

  • Bitcoin basics
    The network, transactions and its history.
  • Blockchain basics
    Technology, security, consensus.
  • Blockchain analysis
    Tracking & monitoring transactions
  • Bitcoin eco system
    Compliance and risks
  • Beyond money
    Other innovative applications of Blockchain technology

The course will be given by Robert-Reinder Nederhoed, CEO of Biccur.

Please register for this course via Fox-IT

Why are banks embracing the Blockchain?

This is a genuine question.

Banks embracing blockchain technology is like record companies embracing peer-to-peer technology like Bittorrent.

If you take a look at a traditional currency like the euro, you see two prominent institutions: a central bank and a bank.
The central bank regulates the rules of the currency.
The banks administrate who owns what.

If you compare this to a cryptocurrency like Bitcoin, these institutions have been replaced by software:
the Bitcoin protocol defines the rules of the currency.
the Blockchain administrates who owns what.

The banks seem to be embracing the component of the architecture that was designed to replace them.

How does that add up?

 

More reading:

Levels of decentralization

The past centuries human kind has been very busy centralizing structures in our society. Political regions have grown from regions to states to united states. Organizations grew from individual craftsmen to multinationals.

With the coming of the Internet, a reverse of this trend has started. In a matter of decades it became possible to have peer-to-peer relations not bound by physical location.

When thinking about this, please keep the following picture in mind:
levels-of-distribution

There are roughly three stages of centralization:

  1. centralized
  2. decentralized
  3. distributed

Blockchain technology is a distributed technology.

With the blockchain technology payments can be made directly to another person, without a third party (as a bank). This creates a peer-to-peer network for payments, a distributed payments network.

The blockchain on the other hand is decentralized, which means that the blockchain (the same data) is available on multiple nodes. The advantages are:

  • no single point of failure
  • safe from attacks
  • easy to join the network
  • no one has full control